As part of an initial non-operative treatment plan for carpal tunnel syndrome, your doctor may recommend activity modification. Recent research shows individuals who spend more time typing do not actually have a higher risk for carpal tunnel syndrome, and it might actually be lower. However, proper posture when sitting at a desk for long periods is essential. In terms of carpal tunnel, wrists should be just slightly extended while typing; the palm of the hand and forearm should not be leaning on anything, as this puts additional pressure on the nerve. Wearing a light wrist splint or guard while you type can help train you to keep your wrists in this “neutral” position.
Wrist splints also can be helpful and are the main non-operative treatment, particularly if you are having symptoms at night. This can prevent you from bending your wrists while you sleep. For many people, this can eliminate early nighttime CTS. Your doctor might recommend corticosteroid injection to decrease inflammation around the nerve. In some instances—particularly for women who develop CTS during pregnancy—this can treat symptoms. More commonly, these injections are used to assist your hand surgeon in making an accurate diagnosis.
Surgical intervention is another treatment option. A hand surgeon may release the carpal tunnel by cutting the ligament compressing the nerve to enlarge the tunnel and decrease nerve pressure.
Recovery from carpal tunnel release surgery can last from a few weeks to a few months, during which a patient may feel soreness in the palm. The rate at which numbness and tingling disappear varies from patient to patient, but night symptoms usually resolve first. Hand and wrist strength may take a few months to be fully restored. Unfortunately, if there has been very severe or prolonged compression, even surgery might not fully relieve all symptoms.
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